Impact of Intracranial Pressure-Monitored Therapy on Mortality in Patients with Severe Traumatic Brain Injury


  • Kashif Ali Sultan
  • Usman Ahmad Kamboh
  • Ghulam Naseer u Din
  • Adeel Rauf
  • Nazeer Ahmad
  • Mehreen Mehboob
  • Mehwish Manzoor



Objective:  To assess the impact of intracranial pressure (ICP) monitored therapy on mortality in patients with severe traumatic brain injury.

Materials and Methods:  A randomized controlled trial was conducted at the Department of Neurosurgery, Jinnah Hospital Lahore. Forty patients of both genders, aged between 15 to 60 years were randomly selected and divided into two groups (Control & Experimental). Patients injured within 24 hours with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 8 or less and showing radiological evidence of raised intracranial pressure were included. Patients with extradural hematoma, penetrating injury, or those requiring any surgery were excluded from the study. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.

Results:  No significant difference was found in mean age and gender among the two groups. The GCS of the control group was 6.2 ± 1.6 while that of the experimental group was 6.7 ± 1.6. The mean of the maximum ICP of the experimental group was 25.31 ± 8.48 mm of Hg. There was a significant difference in the mean duration of ventilation between the two groups. In the control group, 10 (50.0%) patients expired whereas in the experimental group, 8 (40.0%) patients expired. The proportion of mortality was higher in the control group but the difference was not statistically significant between the two groups (P value: 0.525).

Conclusion:  Intracranial pressure-monitored therapy was effective but statistically showed no significant superiority over unmonitored management. 


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